It was the October Revolution in Russia of 1917 when the Czarist regime was overthrown by the Bolsheviks under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin. Lenin was a simple man by most accounts yet he was a clever man to have organised the man power from the 1890’s till 1917 and eventually use popular mass movement and brute force to usher in the world’s first ever Communist State.
It is not about the Communist society that Lenin intended to build by demolishing the capitalist-imperialist regime in Russia, yet it is simply the organisation and management of a revolution in the 20th century Russia which was identified by harsh oppression and dire poverty.
The Russian society back then was in despair owing to the failed policies of the Czars who were incompetent and they had destroyed the social structure to a point where the people believed that there was more or less a point of utter stagnation and starvation in the nation-state of Russia.
The Russian industry was not very competitive, the WW-1 failures were echoing as well as the position of the agriculturists was deplorable. The network of spies of the Czars was very efficient and Lenin had spent years in prison, as well as was thrown into exile as well.
Yet despite the strong opposition and fear of death, he endeavored to organise the masses and resources in manner that requires courage and statesmanship. We are not going to evaluate how Stalin destroyed the noble vision of Lenin with his atrocious and paranoid conduct yet, we certiainly see the humanist tendencies with which Lenin had gained fame.
It is known by accounts of Russian historians that Lenin organised collection drives from small businesses and was an expert at creating a propaganda through print and oratory, yet he had a careful criminal inclination to his personality which was always put to the benefit of the destitute. He is known to have organised mass plundering of granaries and banks, industries while he was rising to power to fund his campaign, besides these he was also the one to espouse social causes and pursue mass distribution of grains, and was a reformist.
The Russian Orthodox Church had grappled the people in its clutches to such an extent that there existed not just superstitions but the whims and fancies of the priesthood defined the social discourse, he was though a disciple of Karl Marx who believed in a society without God, yet Lenin himself saw the Church and God as a matter of belief and faith for many people while he advocated for more scienctific approach and a liberal atmoshpere. Though it was under Stalin that the Church lost compete social dominance, yet Lenin did not offend the Church but supported a modernist approach from the clergy.
Lenin was also known to have crafted his own extensions and interpretation to the Marxist philosophy and he even witnessed that the functioning of the governing council of the Bolshevik party needed more educated persons as a preference he never intended Stalin to inherit the reins of Russian power after his death. He was the person who used to draft the propaganda and was often travelling to parts and corners of the vast Russian nation in extreme temperatures to mobilise the people.
Lenin as a revolutionary threw open education and healthcare to one and all, and invested heavily on reformist social programmes, it was during his years of struggle when he realised that it is not just mere philosophy but the actual revolution which matters.
His courage and determination was not paralleled by any of the famed revolutinaries in the world till date. Gandhian movement though the biggest in terms of followers did not provide catalytic changes in the society while Lenin with his temperament which was balanced delivered more reform.
A true revolutionary indeed, Lenin though has lost his relevance in the contemporary times, and it is often regarded as an offence to be a Communist sympathiser, the revolutionary be it in any sphere of life, or be an ascriber to any political belief will always have an inclination to think of a man who risked his life to deliver a constructive revolution to the masses.