In India, there is no doubt a very diverse and very peculiar society. The reason for all the prevailing norms in the social construct is nothing but the expression of the same diversity. India per se is a political entity, but this political entity has its own challenges and limitations. The common thread that keeps this political entity together is the economic and administrative machinery that creates a very inter-dependent society with all its aspects depending on the rest for survival and growth.
The British in their time, and before that the rulers be they Hindu, Muslim or any other had began from a society that relied heavily on the norms established in the past. The culture. This is not just in the Hindu cult, but all other religious denominations in this polity have had their version of spirituality and morality that has created an identity distinct from that of the Indian identity. The culture in its very nascent and crude form blesses the people with a blend of liberal and orthodox views that rely on divine sanction for its mass acceptance. This kind of an approach to deal with the people creates sub-groups within one group when it gets refined.
The cultural identity is not just religious in nature, it is also dependent on a region, or a language, and even races which when applied to political propaganda becomes a toxic weapon to create mass divisions and separatist tendencies in the garb of self-assertive groups that tend to seek power and pelf while not just bargaining with other groups, but even the nation at large.
India, we have many such identities that come to assume a significant shape in the political and social discourse. This is not a very healthy feature for a young democratic country which is very much dependent on religion and its allied institutions and theories for its survival and existence.
When the Indian experiment began, the people at the helm of affairs were very well aware of the separatists and secessionist tendencies of the constituents of this union known as India. Therefore the political structure was so created that it a federation with a strong centralising tendency was born, where all the important functions and powers were vested with the Union government and its officers. All the wings of the State were so envisioned that they created a structure which ultimately concentrated all the power at the top rung of each wing and the top rung meant centralsation of power for all purposes, and maintain the constituents of the union as being under the Union.
But, in the modern times the Union is facing a temptation which will call for immense faith in the national identity espoused by the citizens whereby all the people reject and keep aside the co-existing multiple identities and their personification into mass movements of separatist tendencies.
The Union has to have concentrated power in a particular region which creates subservient units in the state such that there exists a uniformity in terms of administrative and governance efficacy. The union today is being impregnated with the seeds of separatism in the form of regionalism, linguistic majoritarianism and cultural assertiveness. Such an atmosphere often tends to create reactionary currents in the groups at the receiving end, and the occasion of transformation of such sentiments into anarchy and extremes is not very far. The Union and its officer then must maintain all their sensibilities to the cause of the Union only.
A Union must be preserved and not abused to be distorted under the garb of providing options and relief to the people at large, since we must not forget that we are a diversity which is not found anywhere else, and if we promote all the identities underlying the national identity, then we are fueling more strife and conflicts, which is not the aim of any socialist.